Of several major characters most notably to Bayou s This extra dimension of their personalities makes these characters even intimate and accessible to the readerOne thing I especially enjoyed in the book was learning about the multiple elements of the ing Dynasty China interwoven in the story the arranged marriages concubines the dowager cult incidentally this latter largely contributed to the all of China during Emperor Dowager Cixi s regency the bizarre look at suicide as an accepted and in act reuently expected solution to life s problems Chinese Medicine with its reliance on pulse evaluation the system of On Beyond a Million feudalistic servants whose status was not much differentrom slaves but who could become highly valued members of the amilies in the book represented by Xiren and Pinger the influence of Buddhism Taoism and Confucianism on every day life the role of Chinese Opera in Chinese culture the importance of jade in Chinese spirituality etcOne peculiarity that stood out or me in the book is the physical and psychological ragility of the Jia clan members Freuent crying mental derangement suicide and consumption ie tuberculosis abounded in this wealthy amily I could not The Womanizer: A Man of His Time find any historical information regarding the incidence of mental disease and tuberculosis in 18th century China but based on the story it surely seemed high Or was thisamily struck by an unusual genetic burden due to intermarriage As an example Bayou who himself acted at times as a schizophrenic other times as a depressed or autistic youngsters married his That Takes Ovaries! Bold Females and Their Brazen Acts first cousinIn summary this is a remarkable bookor its documentation of an obscure historical time hardly accessible So Much Love for most Westerners It has a rich character set the theme is timeless and the intriguing subplots make it a persuasive reading The book s length is due to exuisite details On one side these seemingly unnecessary details don t help much with the modern concept of story development yet I would submit that they have other literary values I can see that many potential readers will get discouraged to s Zhuangzi said that the desireor money is difficult to overcome but the desire or ame is difficult Well how about love Many believe that The Dream of the Red Chamber is emblematic of the climax of Chinese literature I do think it is the best Chinese novel but I wouldn t say it is the emblem because it departs greatly Find Your Miracle: How the Miracles of Jesus Can Change Your Life Today from the convention of Chinese literature and aims to reveal the hypocrisy of this convention which is itseigned integrity and disregard Trawling for Trouble for love It is through the lens of love that Cao Xuein reveals to the readers the dilemma tragedy and general condition of human life It is hard to describe how much this book means to me It not only defines how I understand my national identity but also serves as aoundation or my cognition and interpretation of almost everything Many times when life tosses me a certain peculiarity or uneasiness I would remember and contemplate on a scene a prose a uotation or a general idea about the ate of one of the character in this book and suddenly I would The Art of Rivalry: Four Friendships, Betrayals, and Breakthroughs in Modern Art feel easier and say to myself this is life The Dream of the Red Chamber isn t very popular among Western readers and most well read people on GR have never heard of this book and even those who appreciate Chinese literature ignore it probablyinding it too long too difficult too boring someone even said it s unaesthetic I ve heard people comparing it to The Plum in the Golden Vase or categorizing it as a book about teenage relationships So I ind it necessary to clarify that The Dream of the Red Chamber is objectively the single most important literary work in the history of Chinese literature or even one can say East Asian literature It is important to Chinese literature than Shakespeare is to English literature It is ridiculous to think that you know Chinese literatureculturephilosophy without having read this book even though I know that most people in China no longer read this Hundreds and thousands of scholars have devoted their lives to the study of every single word of this work For many admirers or Cao Xuein myself included we would be willing to sacrifice many years of our lives if we could read the original ending of this work which has been unfortunately lost I consider it beyond my ability to review this book especially in the language of English so all I can do is an advertisement This is the book to read if you want to encounter Chinese mentality at its most powerful intricate insightful and sincere orm Guardian articleRead the novel here Hattip to WandafulOpening Chen Shih yin in a vision apprehends perception and spirituality Chia Y ts un in the windy and dusty world cherishes ond thoughts of a beautiful maidenThis is the opening section this the irst chapter Subseuent to the visions of a dream which he had on some previous occasion experienced the writer personally relates he designedly concealed the true circumstances and borrowed the attributes of perception and spirituality to relate this story of the Record of the Stone With this purpose he made use of such designations as Chen Shih yin truth under the garb of iction and the like What are however the events recorded in this work Who are the dramatis personaeA stone hurled by an Empress Who Pushed Humpty Dumpty?: And Other Notorious Nursery Tale Mysteries feels neglected desolate and unfit The Empress N Wo the goddess of works inashioning blocks of stones Seal Team Seven 11: Flashpoint: Flashpoint for the repair of the heavens prepared at the Ta Huang Hills and Wu Ch i cave 36501 blocks of rough stone each twelve chang in height and twentyour chang suare Of these stones the Empress Wo only used 36500 so that one single block remained over and above without being turned to any account This was cast down the Ch ing Keng peak So how long is a chang so that we can picture this thing Answer 358 metres or 11 An Innocent in Cuba feet 9 inches Ta dah Yet that is only half the story this heavenly stone can expand or contract become the apex of a mountain or lay in the palm of a curious hand Whatun Not like Pauline Collins talking to rock in Shirley Valentine this rock talks back Damn couldn t ind that clip of her talking to rock yet did ind this bit which is smashing As regards the several stanzas of doggerel verse they may too evoke such laughter as to compel the reader to blurt out the rice and to spurt out the wine Given the entire China is learning English as a second language it s hardly necessary or people in the western countries to study the notoriously difficult Chinese language or business or travel purposes However if there is one reasonable cause to learn Chinese it would be to appreciate this book in its original language which could be the greatest privilege Matka alkaa (Etsijät for anyone who speaks ChineseWhat about translations One might askMy answer would be Given the chance I will probably get rid of every last copy of the translated A Dream of Red Mansions Because this legendary masterpiece with its profound beauty and delicate language isundamentally untranslatable I hate this book and I m ChineseOk hate is a strong word I m repulsed by this book which I viewed as close to godliness in my childhood I hate em little balls of prudishnessSorry about this translators because I think you did a nice job on this book and I m still giving you two stars If I rated on your technicality alone I would give you a solid 3 or 4 I do like the English version in some ways better than the Chinese versions because it s so much normal Strange Star for lack of a better word Ielt that the prose style of the original was awkward and it somehow Too Big for Diapers (Sesame Street) feels less distorted in the English version to a degree This is because Xuein used vernacular Chinese in composing his proses Vernacular is straightforward easily comprehensible brash raw characteristic and should remind me somewhat warmly of my Chinese neighboursBut Xuein changed it all He wrote in vernacular but all of his characters dialogues were so highly organized so refined so grammatically correct it simplyeels artificial "as if he made several rough drafts of one conversation before inserting them into the characters mouths "if he made several rough drafts of one conversation before inserting them into the characters mouths eleganized the beautiful spontaneous street talk of vernacular I hated that It s like somebody decided to Shakespearize Dickens English Seven Nights to Forever feels much normalor some reason bringing orthwith unconscious magnitude in the dialogue Then again English also concealed the brilliancy of the original proses and descriptions so there are wins and lossesNext I have a problem with the central themes which cannot be changed with translation Due to its uncertainty of themes the book can be read as a surreal poetic metaphor or a realistic piece of iction But when you actually think about it the plot boils down to this rich noble bastards party hard Party crashes Go homeAnd it talks about this or roughly 80 chapters before we lose the original manuscript and read the lawed 40 chapters This unfinished ness added to the mysticism surrounding the book and is a major topic still in modern Redology Then this book is hailed as the height of Chinese literatureDot dot dot To be honest the plot was good It still is good The ideas and philosophies are not It stereotypes men and women to a huge degree with its kind of reversal sexism appeal I especially had a problem with the author s ranking of women in the 5th chapter even if it is meant simply as a way of introducing dramatis personae you can t ignore that Jing Huan Goddess proclaimed it herself that only the BEST women are recorded and the rest of the COMMON VULGAR women are not Who the hell does she or the author think they are For some reason some see the book as a novel of Carvalho und die Meere des Südens feminism while it had minimum impact on the Chineseeminist movement For another they see it as a hidden way of expressing political satire In this case take the book off the classics shelf now why should we waste time on an author who doesn t
want to sit down write a proper story Another proclaim the book is mainly emphasizing the Buddhism idea of Kong Huan in that everything even the most beautiful eventually amounts to nothing The author does a bad job of this if that is the case because his sadness his losses and his The Science of Single: One Woman's Grand Experiment in Modern Dating, Creating Chemistry, and Finding L ove flames are uite trivial and does not match up to the greater kindness and understanding of Buddhism As I was reading it through in theuture I couldn t help but Sarah Conley feel as if the author is writing these 80 chapterseeling narcissist ly sorry or himself There are a lot of unparalleled stories in the book though that outmatch the author s contemporaries Unfortunately not every story is of eual uality especially when you see how narrow the book s world really is It see how narrow the book s world really is It constraining to see these young people shut up in a alse paradise wasting their lives away Worst of all the author seems to take enjoyment in it too alongside his Inbox forgotten sadness He beautified aspects of life that one wouldeel uncomfortable with or example it s okay or young girls to throw temper tantrums because she s young beautiful but apparently it s not okay A Touch of Gold for old women to throw tantrums because they re inferior to younger virgin girls Whut He also did not really show the intensity of corruptive activities in theamiliesLast of all comes the poetry The poetry is greatly emphasized in this novel but upon reading it it becomes clear that ing dynasty poems were on the decline The poems in the novel are most elegantly and skillfully composed Yet they lack creativity originality and sophistication The poems are mainly concerning either of the emptiness of human life or mourning about the again most trivial things such as lowers plants people etc The grandeur mysticism of Tang Spring and Autumn and Three Kingdoms era poets are sadly ailing in the hands of ing poets and only begins to revive a little within chapter 78 in which Bao Yu composes a Song and a mournful Rhapsody which were the loveliest to read Well the author can t really make the poems great considering they come out of the hands of adolescents and the poems are the best parts of the book the main reason why I go back to read it today Overall technically speaking this book is not bad standing alone Yet it has achieved nearly national veneration in Chinese lit and I m not uite sure if it should be In terms of surreal and romantic aestheticism it does not match up to Genji Japanese but earlier than this book by 700 years If Murasaki can do it why not Xuein in terms of realism and plotting wobbles before Plum of the Golden Vase in terms of philosophy and mysticism I think loses to Journey to the West 100 Strange Stories the Carnal Prayer Mat and Tale of Scholars at the top of my head The book s surpassing virtue is its delicate poetry sense of dreaminess and scattered cryptic messages which no one will ever be able to sort Nevertheless one does admire his strength of weaving stories and eels sorry that they could not read the completed work but it is not the bes. Geistigen Hochleistung eines an sich entarteten Sprößlings wieder zu Aufstieg gelan. ,
Even Want To Sit Down
Cancer Has Its Privileges: Stories of Hope and Laughter from the earlier character Hanuman in the Indian Ramayana As both the Journey to the West and the Romance of the Three Kingdoms have already been treated in greater depth in other blog entries in this series I will not go into great depth in their description THE ROMANCE OF THE THREE KINGDOMS OF LUO GUANZHONGThe Romance of the Three Kingdoms tells the historically true story of the wars and struggles between the three kingdoms Wei Shu and Wu which arose between 169 AD and 280 AD when the Han Dynasty Empire comparable in scope and population to the contemporaneous Roman Empire broke apart before again acheiving reunification As a novel loosly based on real history but treated with artistic license like Duma s Three Musketeers saga it tells the story of the Iron Brotherhood of devotedriends and heroes Liu Bei Guan Yu and Zhang Fei who swear their one Az éltető étkek arany szutrája for all and allor one oath of allegiance to restore the Han Dynasty in the A Grid for Murder famous Oath of the Peach Garden also vowing to protect the oppressed They are opposed by the arch Machiavellian dictator Cao Cao whom they must defeat but are aided by the genius general Zhuge Liang The story of their struggle ultimately successful but not before their deaths has become asamiliar to all Chinese Japanese and Korean persons as the stories of Julius Caesar Mark Anthony and Cleopatra are in the West THE WATER MARGIN OR ALL MEN ARE BROTHERS CLASSIC OF OUTLAW GALLANTRY AND ADVENTURE SONG JIANG THE CHINESE ROBIN HOODThe 14th Century classic The Water Margin Shui Hu Zhuan also known as Outlaws of the Marsh as translated by American epatriate Sydney Shapiro and All Men Are Brothers as translated by the Painted Desert firstemale American Nobel Prize Winner Pearl Buck is written in vernacular Chinese and attributed to the writer Shi Nai an The Robin Hood esue story set in the Song Dynasty tells of how a group of 108 outlaws gathers at Mount Liang or Liangshan Marsh to Appetite form a sizable army of adventurous outlaws before they are eventually granted amnesty by the government and sent on campaigns to resistoreign invaders and suppress other rebel orces As such it depicts many of the contradictions in eudal Chinese society based on repression and exploitation of the mass peasantry by a corrupt and oppressive landed aristocracy and imperial bureaucracy which generated repressed and often co opted its opponents The novel ocuses on the exploits of the outlaw Song Jiang and his thirty six sworn brothers and their heroic adventures reminiscent of the tales of Robin Hood of Sherwood Forest in the West THE CHINESE EROTIC CLASSIC JIN PING MEI OR THE GOLDEN LOTUSThe Jin Ping Mei or The Golden Lotus is a Chinese naturalistic novel composed in vernacular Chinese during the late Ming Dynasty by an unknown anonymous author taking the pseudonym Lanling Xiaoxiao Sheng or The Scoffing Scholar of Lanling circulated irst in surreptitious handwritten copies then printed Pure Grit for theirst time in 1610 Its graphically explicit depiction of sexuality has garnered the novel a level of notoriety in the Chinese world akin to Fanny Hill Lady Chatterley s Lover or the Maruis de Sade in Western literature but critics nonetheless generally Apple-Picking Day! find airm moral structure which exacts moralistic retribution or the sexual libertinism of the central characters The Jin Ping Mei takes its name rom the three central Ajax is All About Attack female characters Pan Jinlian Golden Lotus Li Ping er Little Vase a concubine of Ximen ing and Pang Chunmei Spring plum a young maid who rises to power within theamily of the decadent libertine Ximen ing Princeton University Press in describing the Roy translation calls the novel a landmark in the development of the narrative art America the Philosophical form not onlyrom a specifically Chinese perspective but in a world historical contextnoted The Northmans Bride (Sons of the North for its surprisingly modern techniue and with the possible exception of The Tale of Genji 1010 and Don uixote 1605 1615 there is no earlier work of proseiction of eual sophistication in world literature The Ping Mei is ramed as a spin off rom the classical novel The Water Margin The beginning chapter is based an episode in which Tiger Slayer Wu Song avenges the murder of his older brother by brutally killing his brother s ormer wife and murderer Pan Jinlian The story ostensibly set during the years 1111 27 during the Northern Song Dynasty centers on Ximen ing a corrupt social climber libertine and lustful merchant who is wealthy enough to marry a consort of six wives and concubines After secretly murdering Pan Jinlian s husband Ximen ing takes her as one of his wives The story ollows the domestic sexual struggles of the women within his household as they clamor or prestige and influence amidst the gradual decline of the Ximen clan In the Jin Ping Mei anti hero Ximen ing in the end dies rom an overdose of aphrodisiacs administered by Jinlian to which he has become addicted and dependent in order to keep up his sexual potency In the course of the novel Ximen has 19 sexual partners including his 6 wives and mistresses with 72 intimately described sexual episodes a level of erotic repetition reminiscent of the works of the Maruis de Sade and Henry Miller in Nexus Sexus and Plexus Needless to say the Jin Ping Mei through most of history was severely repressed by the puritanical Confucian authorities as criminal pornography though its libertine anti hero Ximen ing receives Cherry Bomb full poetical justice and punishmentor his crimes Even today mention of its name like de Sade in the West will bring a blush of enbarassed shame to most Chinese cheeks young and old THE SCHOLARS OR RU LIN WAI SHI BY WU JINGZIThe Scholars written in 1750 by Wu Jingzi during the ing Dynasty describes and often satirizes Chinese scholars in a vernacular Chinese idiom The Leading the Way first and last chapters portray intellectual recluses but most of the loosely connected stories thatorm the bulk of the novel are didactic and satiric stories on the one hand admiring idealistic Confucian behavior but on the other ridiculing over ambitious scholars and criticizing the civil service examination system describing the officials and orthodox scholars who succeed in the system as mindless conformists and intellectual ciphers whose knowledge rarely exceeds the Cliff Notes and cram course exam akery of the times exemplified by the rote mechanical guidebooks to the Eight Legged Essay or the Imperial Examination Instead the novel honors the somewhat bohemian and counter cultural intellectual circles on the The Single Girl's Guide to Marrying a Man, His Kids, and His Ex-Wife: Becoming a Stepmother with Humor and Grace fringe of official societyreuented by actors poets artists bibliophiles and the true scholars of the heart who despise the official poseurs and conseuently lead insecure lives and suffer When Red Cried Wolf financial decline Promoting naturalistic attitudes over belief in the supernatural the author rejects the popular belief in retribution his bad characters suffer no punishment The characters in these stories are intellectuals perhaps based on the author sriends and contemporaries Wu also portrays women sympathetically the chief character Du treats his wife as a companion and soulmate instead of as an inferior Although it is a satiric and counter cultural novel a major incident in the novel is Du s attempt to renovate his amily s ancestral temple suggesting the author shared with Du a belief in the importance of a true and authentic Confucianism as opposed to the poseur Confucianism of the ruling bureaucratic class SPIRITUS MUNDI AND THE CHINESE NOVELMy own work Spiritus Mundi the contemporary epic of social idealists struggling to save the world and avert WWIII with a revolutionary new United Nations Parliamentary Assembly also draws on Chinese tradition Over a third of the novel takes place in China and the novel was written entirely in Beijing One of the main characters of the mythic portion of the novel is the Monkey King Sun Wukong who along with Goethe guides the protagonists on a uest to the center of the earth and to the black hole at the center of the Milky Way Galaxy to save the world rom a conspiracy to bring about WWIII In China I knew Sydney Shapiro the translator of The Outlaws of the Marsh and also worked with the daughter of Gladys Yang the translator of the Dream of the Red Mansion World Literature Forum invites you to check out the great Chinese novelists of World Literature and also the contemporary epic novel Spiritus Mundi by Robert Sheppard For a uller Chinese novelists of World Literature and also the contemporary epic novel Spiritus Mundi by Robert Sheppard For a uller of the concept of World Literature you are invited to look into the extended discussion in the new book Spiritus Mundi by Robert Sheppard one of the principal themes of which is the emergence and evolution of World LiteratureFor Discussions on World Literature and n Literary Criticism in Spiritus Mundi SheppardEditor in ChiefWorld Literature ForumAuthor Spiritus Mundi NovelAuthor s Blog Mundi on Goodreads Mundi on Book I Mundi Book II The Romance Robert Sheppard 2013 All Rights Reserved I just re read this classic of Chinese literature as it s been years since I Song of the Forest first read it The Dream of the Red ChamberStory of the Stone is unlike any work in the Western canon yet itits into the Western tradition of great literature in a way ew other examples of classic Chinese writing are able to offering an engrossive narrative and a The copy I read was a downloadable Kindle version I could not igure out the translator The total location number was 36403 If I use a recommended page euivalent converter number of 1669 the page number comes to a little over 2100 which is close to the printed A Constellation of Vital Phenomena full version page numberAtirst I couldn t understand how this book became one of the our pinnacles of classical Chinese literature The other three are The Romance of the Three Kingdoms Journey to the West and Outlaws of the Marsh all may have various different titles depending on the translation It starts out like a rather dull uneventful linear diary spiced with an occasional mystical dream of the main prot g Bayou an early teenage boy growing into young adulthood during the story The details of his days and the days of a host of other main characters mostly his relatives are given in obsessive almost painful detailsBut dear Reader don t be ooled by this slow start Perhaps the Sextasy: Master the Timeless Techniques of Tantra, Tao, and the Kama Sutra to Take Lovemaking to New Heights following statement will demonstrate how the book grew on me completing theirst 20 % of the book took me time than the rest of the 80% The reason I hung on during these critical early pages was a Still Life with Chickens fascinating look into a long gone culture a culture that until this day has been reflected in the life and mentality of nearly a third of the World s population East and South East Asia to be exact If one has my kind of enthrallment with various cultures the boring details throughout the book actually provide an exuisite opportunity to observe and learn In sharp contrast to theirst part around 50% into the reading the story accelerated and I had hard time putting down my Kindle From here on the life events of a Still Life with Chickens: Starting Over in a House by the Sea few dozen main characters and countless minor participants became compelling The story branched out into several exciting subplots only to be masterfully reunited in theinal chaptersThe Jia is an old noble Paradox Bound family in the middle period of the ing Dynasty China One of their greatest social achievements came when the Emperor chose their oldest daughter as aavorite concubine When the amily learned that their daughter had gotten permission rom the Court to visit her parents STFU, Parents: The Jaw-Dropping, Self-Indulgent, and Occasionally Rage-Inducing World of Parent Overshare for her welcome they built a magnificent garden with several living uarters The rest of the story took place mostly in this garden and the surrounding two mansions belonging to two branches of the Jias The main storylineocuses on the slow decline of this huge influential amily However there is an eually important second storyline running parallel with the irst one as an organic component of it Bayou s somewhat mystical spiritual awakening Most characters have multidimensional lesh and blood personalities without a hint of
"dogmatic profiling the "profiling The bad and the ambiguous eatures are distributed among them with good sense letting their vivid individualities shine throughPoetry is an important part of the characters lives The book presents a good number of poems written by a Are All Guys Assholes?: More Than 1,000 Guys in 10 Cities Reveal Why They're Not, Why They Sometimes Act Like They Are, and How Understanding Their ... Will Solve Your Guy Drama Once and For All few giftedamily members Although intellectually these poems gave me very little to hang on to their moods nonetheless helped me understand the state of mind of those who wrote the poems and even the times they lived in Not unlike James Joyce s with his stream of consciousness the author gives the reader ree access to the most inner thoughts. Deten Verfall eines edlen großen Geschlechts das schließlich dank der sittlichen und. ,
read ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Å Xueqin Cao,
The truth is that if not or my Asian Literatures class I wouldn t have mustered enough strength despite interest to read this novel And I am particularly drawn to the idea orwarded by some academics that Hong Lou Meng is actually a critiue to the reception of the public to iction and perhaps to reading in general Also it is a counter to the idea that in order to attain enlightenment one must transcend the everyday world A monk makes a stone nod The stone is cast away by the Goddess And yet in Hong Lou Meng the exact opposite happens The stone that has been cast off goes into the Red Dust and lives a mundane life as Chia Pao Yu Upon death his story was carved on his surface and stands proud and visible as a mockery to the Goddess rejection of him The story through presenting the everyday life of people shows the reader that a Mexican Hooker full life an enlightened life can be experienced through the mundane Excellent Starter Dream of the Red ChamberStory of the Stone two namesor the same workThis is an abridged English version of an amazing Chinese novel called Dream of the Red Chamber or Story of the Stone I would recommend reading this if you would like to know the general story which you should as it is one of the most important novels in history This book is HUGE in China it is considered along with one or two other works the pinnacle of Chinese literature And it is much nuanced than the Romeo and Juliet story it is sold as The story is of the downfall of a great house and how it affects the young men and women living there It is remarkable in that it is so much about women at a time when women s lives were considered unimportant It is also defies Confucian s in several ways though adheres to them in others Most points of the author s biography are unknown but it is thought that he belonged to a wealthy The League for the Suppression of Celery family that much like theamily in the book came down in the world The book was completed by someone else It is also a good starter version if you are interested in testing it before you delve into the much longer unabridged version Which really you must read After reading this I read the David Hawkes translation 5 volumeswhich I highly recommendEdit I just wanted to add that the main reason I recommend this book as a starter is that it gave me in many places the same emotional punch as the original which I think it a remarkable achievement considering how greatly it has been condensed One of the greatest masterpieces of literature reading this was an incredible experience Poignant unny metaphysical tragic allegorical psychologically profound and highly entertaining it bridges the worlds of heaven and earth dreams and reality and is a truly astonishing achievement Reading does not get any better than this it really is up there with Don uixote The Divine Comedy War and Peace Shakespeare and anything else you might name As one Western scholar on the work noted to appreciate its position in Chinese culture we must imagine a work with the critical cachet of James Joyce s Ulysses with the popular appeal of Margaret Mitchell s Gone With the Wind and twice as long as the two combinedThere is an excellent review here if you are interested it s listed in an alternate translation as Story of the Stone WHAT EVERY EDUCATED CITIZEN OF THE WORLD NEEDS TO KNOW IN THE 21ST CENTURY THE GREAT CLASSICAL NOVELS OF CHINA THE DREAM OF RED MANSIONS BY CAO XUEIN THE JOURNEY TO THE WEST BY WU CHENGEN THE ROMANCE OF THE THREE KINGDOMS by LUO GUANZHONG THE WATER MARGIN or ALL MEN ARE BROTHERS by SHI NAI AN THE SCHOLARS BY WU JINGZI AND THE EROTIC CLASSIC THE JIN PING MEI OR GOLDEN LOTUS FROM THE WORLD LITERATURE FORUM RECOMMENDED CLASSICS AND MASTERPIECES SERIES VIA GOODREADS ROBERT SHEPPARD EDITOR IN CHIEFChinese culture is renown or its addiction to compiling Lists of the Greats rom the Four Great Inventions of China Paper the Comnpass Printing and Gunpowder to the Four Great Beautiful Women Yang Guifei Xi Shi Yang Jiaojun and Diaochan to the Three Great Tang Dynasty Poets Li Bai Li Po Du Fu and Wang Wei to the Four Great Novels of Chinese Literature Thus every educated Chinese person was expected to have read or at least to have thouroughly read about The Four Great Novels The ing Dynasty Classic the Hong Lou Meng or The Dream of Red Mansions by Cao Xuein the Xi You Ji or Journey to the West by Wu Chengen eaturing the abulous Monkey King Sun Wukong the great historical epic The Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong and the classic Robin Hood tale of gallant outlaws Shui Hu Zhuan or The Water Margin by Shi Nai an Chinese scholars generally added two additional novels as an Apocrypha to this Canonic Prose Bible of The Four Great Novels which officially you shouldn t have read like the Maruis de Sade or Lady Chatterly s Lover in the West but which if you were a real you definitely you were a real intellectual definitely have The erotic classic the Jin Ping Mei or The Golden Lotus which was excluded rom inclusion in the canon because of its sexual immoral and pornographic content despite its admitted literary excellence and the Ru Lin Wai Shi or The Scholars Wu Jingzi also downgraded rom classical status due to its bohemian counter cultural satire on and rejection of Confucian scholars and examination passing officials as mindless conformists and intellectual ciphers In the not so remote past education centered on learning the cultural tradition of one s own nation was assumed to be an adeuate oundation or unctional adulthood and citizenship Thus Chinese scholars concentrated on the Confucian heritage and with little effort given to understanding other civilizations and traditions Christians were content with the Bible and their own national classics and Islamic nations were happy if one could recite the Koran by heart In today s cosmopolitan globalized world of transnational business and the Internet amiliarity with one s own national history national culture and literature is no longer an adeuate preparation or adult life in the globalized real world Thus each educated person in the modern world must have a basic Gulp!: The Seven-Day Crash Course to Master Fear and Break Through Any Challenge familiarity with World Literature in addition to his own national or regional literature accompanied of course with a basic knowledge of World History World Religions World Philosophy and universal science With the increasing importance of a Rising China in world affairs and culture it is thus incumbent on every educated person in the world to have some basicamiliarity with these six classics of Chinese Literature Thus World Literature Forum in this Recommended Classics and Masterpieces of World Literature Series provides the The Outlaw and the Upstart King following very basic introduction to these works perhaps in a globalized version of ED Hirsch s What Every American Should Know reformulated as What Every Citizen of the World Should Know in the 21st Century THE IMMORTAL SAGA OF FAMILY DECLINE AND SPIRITUAL FATE HONG LOU MENG OR A DREAM OF RED MANSIONSThe theme and saga ofamily decline is a universal mofif in World Literature embracing such classics as Thomas Mann s Buddenbrooks the English Forsyth Saga of Gallsworthy Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waigh and One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garc a M ruez The Dream of Red Mansions is one of the great exemplars of this genre movingly telling the tale of the decline of the Jia amily laced with Buddhist spiritual ore Standing By: The Making of an American Military Family in a Time of War fated melancholyrom success and influence in the ing Dynasty Imperial Court through demise weakening of character disaster and their all into relative obscurity Scholars and popular readers have agreed that the Dream of the Red Chamber also variously entitled A Dream of Red Chambers or The Story of the Stone is the greatest Chinese novel though differences of opinion have developed as to the exact nature of its greatness since its publication Indeed in China there is a whole virtual branch of knowledge or cottage industry which is known as Red ology in the interpretation of the work about which a similar amount of criticism has been written as comparable with that of Shakespeare criticism in England of Goethe criticism in Germany The Dream of the Red Mansion also serves as a veritable encyclopedia of imperial Chinese society and culture in the ing Dynasty 1644 1911 introducing over our hundred characters hailing rom all walks of life and social classes with intricate subplots and detailed descriptions of buildings gardens urniture cuisine medicines clothing poetry etiuette games performances and pastimes of the aristocracy and others The novel has simi autobiographical eatures as the author Cao Xuein 1715 1763also came rom a declining Speak Through the Wind family successful in the early ing Dynasty but reduced inortune and circumstances until the author died in relative poverty and obscurity whille completing his immortal epic in BeijingReduced to its most central characters the story Stories for a Teen's Heart focuses on a young man of the Jiaamily Jia Baoyu coming of age surrounded by emale cousins and slightly effeminate and romantic in his temperament who alls in love with but cannot marry Lin Daiyu a poor relation cousin who has a spiritual beauty that accompanies her declining health His Golden Days are spent cavorting with these cousins and riends in aristocratic pleasures and cultivated pastimes such as writing poetry couplets to each other watching Chinese Opera performances and rolicing in the Pleasure Garden of the amily estate As the years go by Jia Baoyu protected and spoiled by his doting grandmother interminably procrastinates in pursuing the twin adult responsibilities urged on him by his parents His stern Confucian ather urges on him the duty of studying hard passing the Imperial Examination becoming a court bureaucrat and restoring the amily s declining material ortunes His mother urges that he The Best Canadian Animal Stories: Classic Tales by Master Storytellers find an appropriate match as a wiferom a successful aristocratic amily that can extend and enhance the waning power and wealth of the extended amily Instead Baoyu dallies in adolescent games and pleasures sexual experimentation and petty intrigues holding on to the splendor in the grass of the The Gilgul of Park Avenue family Pleasure Garden andeels that his love bond with his poor cousin the ailing Lin Daiyu is spiritually ated which it proves to be to the unhealthy detriment of all The immense novel also operates powerfully on a symbolic spiritual level with the opening chapter rom which the alternative title The Story of the Stone derives literally containing the entire novel condensed into symbolic Even Eagles Need a Push: Learning to Soar in a Changing World form Following ancient Chinese Taoist and Buddhist myth a stone rejected by a goddess who was repairing the sky is picked up by a Buddhist monk and a Daoist priest and taken to the world of the mortals to beound eons later by another Daoist with the story of its worldly orefated experience inscribed upon it Unfit or the pure unadulterated life and condition of heaven the stone is orefated to suffer birth and death in mortal life below yet also tragically retains alloyed within itself the divine substance of heaven Before the stone enters upon mortal life and destiny however it like the Little Prince of Exuperay tenderly waters with sweet dew a lovely lower not of this world who in turn incurs a karmic debt towards the stone which must be repaid in the mortal world of human life The story of the stone is thus the inscribed At Sixes and Sevens fate of the stone written on itself suspended somehow ever insecurely as of all human endeavor somewhere between heaven and earth but also becomeing in reiteration or reincarnation the story and destiny of Jia Baoyu as an individual human mortal who like the Biblical sheep gone astray of Isiah s Suffering Servant passage or the miscast ploughman s seedinds another existential and singular destiny The Care and Feeding of a Pet Black Hole fatedly unhappy in this world s material context Thus we learn in the novel that Jai Baoyu was born with a jade stone in his mouth trailing as it were Wordsworthian clouds of glory in his birth androm thence relives the story of the stone in his ill The Last Honest Man: Mordecai Richler: An Oral Biography fated mortal life while his beloved Lin Daiyu a reincarnation of the beautiful other worldlylower loved and watered by the stone in heaven pays her karmic debt to the stone in her undying yet ill The Catholic Home fated love and devotionor Jia Baoyu in this world Meanwhile as each of the characters works out their spiritual destinies the Jia Sarah Binks family declinesurther and urther in its worldly ortunes THE JOURNEY TO THE WEST OR XI YOU JI AND THE MONKEY KINGPerhaps the most beloved novel by all Chinese people rom children to adults is the immortal Journey to the West of Wu Chengen which tells the story of the pilgrimage of the Buddhist Monk Xuanzong to India to obtain and translate Holy Buddhist Scriptures aided by the magical Monkey King Sun Wu Kong a lovable Pigsy or Zhu Bajie character endowed with gargantuan physical strength and appetites and a down to earth and practical monk Sandy Inhalt des Traums der roten Kammer ist die Geschichte vom Glanz und vom selbstverschul.