Superior The Return of Race Science (EPUB)
Right Turns: From Liberal Activist to Conservative Champion in 35 Unconventional Lessons fOrity of the great white male It s the kind of thing thateels like part of the past and it definitely should be but Angela Saini shows that not only it it still here it never went away Even the Holocaust was not enough to demonstrate the dangers inherent in such ideology simply pushing those who held these types of views out of the mainstream For a while at leastBecause now they re back and at the Politically Incorrect forefront of populist politics given airtime given applause given power And that s why books like this are so essential to hold people and ideas up to scrutiny to start conversations to attack theundamental misunderstandings deliberate or otherwise about human variation Because Beyond Varallan feelings of superiority are how we end up arguing that migrant children in border camps don t really need soap or blankets or safety it s how theear of difference and the other leads to Trump and Brexit how knowing that certain ethnic groups just aren t as clever or industrious means that they re a lost cause worthless a burden It s always useful to blame those being crushed by ineuality or their own problems If they deserve it there s nothing we can do right If nothing else this book is an essential reminder about evaluating the uality of the information you access share and trust Where does it come rom Who paid or it What are they trying to sell you Who benefits What Saini s book does is present the ways in which the ideologies behind race science have altered or even determined its conclusions And if you want to apply the same act checking to her work her sources are right there at the back ARC via Netgalley This book isn t written Dona Flor from a neutral perspective and doesn t discuss the scientific research in detail Or even is up to date with latest genetic research and information This is a journalistic account of race science where both terms race and science are scrutinised with a sharp eye Saini is uite upront with her own stance that there s no genetic or biological support Rocker Babies Wear Jeans for racial difference beyond the merest superficialities such as skin pigmentation Driven by the re emergence of the most pernicious ideologies that many of us thought had been exposedor what they are by the Holocaust and other race based genocides of the C20th this takes an interesting look at the history of race science and the role it still plays in academic research today however contested and controversialSaini is a relaxed writer always accessible and with a sense of humour that is light but with just the right level of suppressed snarkiness witness the anecdote of the geneticist who proclaims that he s discovered the chop stick using gene in Chinese people Well we laugh but of course it s not much of a jump to go rom Chinese people are biologically pre determined to use chopsticks to insidious and horrific claims about racialised intelligence racial hierarchies justifications or slavery the creation of race based underclasses and we re soon back at those looming gas ovens of Auschwitz What "is most dispiriting about this book is the extent to which highly educated scientists at the heart of the academe in "most dispiriting about this book is the extent to which highly educated scientists at the heart of the academe in Europe and the US can cling to old views of racialised genetic predermination and race Sono with Visits from the Seventh fate in theace of an almost complete lack of biological evidence Remarkable Creatures for racial difference in humans It s an important point of course but one which perhaps gets slightly repetitive in this book But perhaps it needs to There are some horribly disconcerting moments such as when we realise that Maria Stopesavoured eugenics to stop the wrong kind of people rom giving birth in avour of so called racial progress or that the legendary James Watson of Crick and Watson ame was openly racist and sexist and believed that cultural ualities such as Jewish intelligence in the example given is genetically pre determined It s impossible not to snigger at some of the desperate manoeuvers of race scientists in the 1920s when Greeks Italians and other southern Europeans were being stigmatised *as
having sub par intelligence one scientist claimed that artists such as Dante Raphael Titian Michelangelo and da Vinci * sub par intelligence one scientist claimed that artists such as Dante Raphael Titian Michelangelo and da Vinci * sub par intelligence one scientist claimed that artists such as Dante Raphael Titian Michelangelo and da Vinci clearly Nordic as apparently was Jesus A high point too is Saini s digging behind the story Chuck and Danielle from 2018 when the mummy of so called Cheddar Man was discovered and offered the opportunity to profile an ancient Briton to the horror of many not least the UK right wing press Cheddar Man turns out to have been black not white Which considering theact that humans all migrated out of Africa is hardly surprising Light or white skin is an evolutionary development as ancient humans who migrated to less sunny northern Europe needed to maximise absorption of Vitamin D Escaping the Endless Adolescence: How We Can Help Our Teenagers Grow Up Before They Grow Old from the sun So much thenor all the Brexit associated nostalgia or a mythic white England And of course that s both the point of the book and why it s so important this isn t a light hearted review of old done and dusted attitudes this is about now it s about Brexit and Trump it s about blacklivesmatter it s about the alt right appropriating and mis using science it s about respected scientists and scientific institutions themselves though a marginal number it must be stressed still trying to ind the elusive biological basis Gray Bishop for race and differentiation and all thatollows along with it Many thanks to HarperCollins 4th Estate or an ARC via Net. Es Murray's 1994 title The Bell Curve which purported to show differences in intelligence among racesIf the vast majority of scientists and scholars disavowed these ideas and considered race a social construct it was still an idea that managed to somehow make its way into the research into the human genome that began in earnest in the mid 1990s and continues today Dissecting the statements and work of contemporary scientists studying human biodiversity most of whom claim to be just ollowing the data Saini shows us how again and again science is retrof. Galley A good overview of the history of race science I studied a lot of the earlier documents or my own research and they just sounded like such a ridiculous and desperate attempt to justify racial hierarchies Unfortunately this garbage science is coming back in the Liar form of I testing and DNA science The best part of this book was when she covered David Reich s research I would suggest going straight to the source if you re interested His book Who we are and how we got here is excellent Having grown up as part of an ethnic minority group in London during the 1980s and 90s Angela Saini hasirst hand experience of the racism which was rife during these decades Unfortunately after being heavily discredited race science has slowly and insidiously crept back into public discourse over the past 50 70 years During her Noir formative years the murder of Stephen Lawrence in close proximity to her childhood home had a big impact on her and what really stuck in her mind was the difference between someone white being murdered and a black individual it was obvious thatewer resources and time were dedicated to an ethnic minority individual to those who were white But was this due to scientific or societal issuesThis childhood experience precipitated Saini s intense interest in the subject of race racial bias and matters surrounding it and this is an essential and exceptional work which rebuts the idea of racism as a biological issue rather than a social one Not only does she debunk the lie that ineuality is to do with genetics but she goes a long way to proving that it has everything to do with political power It is a Renovate: Changing Who You Are by Loving Where You Are fascinating and beautifully written piece which has clearly been extensively researched It is a masterfully written topical piece by one of the most trusted science writers of our time and should be on the reading lists of anyone interested in the history and evolution of this subjectrom the beginning of time up to present day Although it is Gaffer freuently referred to as race science I think the most appropriate anditting terminology is racist science Many thanks to Fourth Estate Circumstantial Evidence for an ARC The power of nationalism is that it calls to the part of us that doesn t want to accept being ordinary It tells people that they are descendedrom greatness that they have been genetically endowed with something special something passed down to them over the generations It attaches them to origin stories that have existed Lone Star Justice: The First Century of the Texas Rangers for hundreds of years soaking into their subconscious obscuring truth Simply outstanding Inferior How Science Got Women Wrong and the New Research That s Rewriting the Story was alsoantastic but I think Saini has outdone herself hereThis is above all a journalist s exploration on what is happening right now Race science never left it was never gone but it is having a resurgence today Maybe most some scientists have good intentions but the language they use the beliefs and biases they bring to their research all of it has real life conseuences This is what happens when researchers have already made their conclusions through an upbringing ull of society s social conditioning to believe that some races are inferior to others before they have the evidence If you see the genetic markers today that are ound in western Europe people will see those in the past and continue referring to them as western European even if they re then also A Chicken in Every Yard: The Urban Farm Store's Guide to Chicken Keeping found in Siberia It s another example of an indexing problem when theirst available body of evidence influences subseuent thinking Western researchers tend to have access to European data because it s on their doorstep so later discoveries elsewhere in the world are often interpreted relative to these Saini beautifully and effectively explains why race is not a biological category but a social cultural and political one Scientists insistence to study race as biological has done extreme harm throughout history First as Saini explains racial difference was believed to be in the blood while today many believe that it is genetic As Saini Island of the Lost Horses (Dora and Friends) freuently stresses there arear genetic variations within a race than there are between individuals of supposedly different races There is a constant determination within some sectors of the scientific community that eventually they will ind
Their Proof Of Racial proof of racial that it ll be when the next orm of technology comes into use and the next and the nextAnd this results in a society like this Americans cling to the idea of black exceptionalism when it comes to health may be that in some way the idea lets society off the hook It places the blame God Said, Ha!: A Memoir for ineuality at theoot of biology If poor health today is intrinsic to black bodies and nothing to do with racism it s no one s ault It says it s not our organisation of society that s somehow unfair or unjust or discriminatory It s not that we treat people badly It s not that we give people worse life chances he says It s just that these people have some genetic defect and it s just the way they are It s disturbing and dispiriting but Saini s collected evidence shows we cannot ignore this phenomenon any long Race science was never "history It s still alive and here todayOverall a ascinating readable and stellar read Everyone and anyone should read this "It s still alive and here todayOverall a On the Right Side of a Dream fascinating readable and stellar read Everyone and anyone should read this Above all it s important reminder to check your beliefs and check your sources. Itted to accommodate race Even as our understanding of highly complex traits like intelligence and the complicated effect of environmental influences on human beingsrom the molecular level on up grows the hope of inding simple genetic differences between races to explain differing rates of disease to explain poverty or test scores or to justify cultural assumptions stubbornly persistsAt a time when racialized nationalisms are a resurgent threat throughout the world Superior is a powerful reminder that biologically we are all ar alike than different. .
Outstanding examination of race science aka racism pretending to be objectivity Extraordinarily good in how deep it goes covering the intersection of science with history culture and politics and showing how very deeply rooted the tendrils are Written with remarkable calm and objectivity which makes the inal shout of rage all the powerful It goes into excellent detail about the resurgence of scientific racism in recent years as well as laying out the Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi's Long Journey to Triumph in Iraq foolishness of the thinking but also its pervasiveness even in people who would think they know better and call themselves anti racist Essential reading and I don t say that lightly It was always going to be difficult toollow Angela Saini s hugely popular Inferior but Superior she has pulled it "off not in the content but by upping the uality of Poor book despite it "not just in the content but by upping the uality of Poor book despite it heart being in the right place does to damage the thesis she presents by not credibly engaging with the academics she interviews I think she is a bit out of her depth perhaps as broadcast journalist she is used to the once over lightly Michelin Green Guide Normandy feel good style of journalism that this comes across as Did notinish Politically correct but scientifically unsound This book drew a lot of attention recently in which the author suggests that the use of race in biologicalmedical research is due to widespread racism For example in Chapter 1 she argues that Out of Africa theory is invented by Europeans and Nazis wanted to prove superiority of Aryan race This is alse Hitler made alliances with Muslims rom the Middle east against Jews The Third Reich was anti Semitic If Hitler was really a racist he would have invaded Africa In act many SS officers who went to live in Egypt after the war became Muslims and ollowed Islamic practices The author is also in error when she reminds readers that races correspond to arbitrary divisions of population variation that are politically and economically useful The act is that there are heritable characteristics that allow us to divide into a set of races in such a way that all the members share traits and tendencies with each other that they do not share with members of any other race These traits and tendencies are viewed as race Natural barriers such as oceans eg the Atlantic deserts eg the Sahara and mountain ranges eg the Himalayas impeded gene low between different populations What Every American Should Know About the Rest of the World for substantial periods of time When there is limited genelow between populations that have come under different selection pressures we would expect them to gradually diverge I Got a New Friend from one another over via the processes of genetic drift and natural selection Races therefore correspond to human populations that have been living in relative isolationrom one another under different regimes of selection This means that racial categories identify real phenotypic differences and reflect real genetic variation Natural philosophers began to classify humans into different races because they looked different The Real Lincoln: A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War from one another These differences reflect their divergent geographical origins But the most controversial area of race science is research into population differences in cognitive ability Chimpanzees share the distinction of being our closest living relative which share about 99% of our genes A uniue collaboration between the humanities and the natural sciences geneticists historians archaeologists and linguistsound a common ground about the origins of modern human beings including the common origins of languages Experiencing the Resurrection: The Everyday Encounter That Changes Your Life from an ancient language called Indo European language Europeans today are a mix of the blending of at least three ancient populations of hunter gatherers andarmers who moved into Europe in separate migrations Modern human beings arose some 200000 years ago and or 190000 years they we were all dark skinned reflecting the origins rom Africa Caucasians are the product of a work of evolution across Europe while scientist have discovered three genes that produce light skin they have played a part in the lightening of Europeans skin color and the color of the eye over the past 8000 years The process of skin lightening known as depigmentation occurred due to a series of mutations in one particular gene called SCL24A5Euating hereditarian claims with racism is illogical and irresponsible Many of the ideas that Saini classifies as scientific racism are empirical claims Besides race is not a social construct but nationalism and regionalism are certainly social constructs She uses alse arguments to it her theory This is a blatant abuse of scientific data to write a politically correct Babes in Toyland: The Making and Selling of a Rock and Roll Band fable Her conclusions are inaccurate I would recommend staying awayrom this apologue There is a kind of will to truth We will make this be the truth if we try hard enough Subir SinhaOh how this resonates in our social media dominated The Meaning of Star Trek fake news society Sinha s uote refers particularly to religious extremists but effectively demonstrates the kind of sentiment that underlies the science and ways of thinking that the book works to demolish That backwards system which starts with ideology and then looksor evidence to support it Race is not about genetics biological difference it is a social cultural political construct It was created to separate subordinate invalidate certain types of people a way of perpetuating and bolstering the supposed superi. An astute and timely examination of the re emergence of scientific research into racial differences Superior tells the disturbing story of the persistent thread of belief in biological racial differences in the world of scienceAfter the horrors of the Nazi regime in WWII the mainstream scientific world turned its back on eugenics and the study of racial difference But a worldwide network of unrepentant eugenicists uietly Mirage: Napoleon's Scientists and the Unveiling of Egypt founded journals andunded research providing the kind of shoddy studies that were ultimately cited in Richard Hernstein's and Charl.