EBOOK READ (Unfair By Adam Benforado) ´ Adam Benforado
As depressing as you would expect from the title But this is not just another book about structural racism or corruption much of it is dedicated to exploring ow profoundly incapable we are of living up to the fantasy of our justice system He reference This book is EXCELLENT Put it on the top of your to read list if you are interested in the Justice system This is the book I Des femmes qui tombent have been waiting to read I taught criminology and criminal justice to undergrads and am now wishing Adam Benforadoad written a textbook I truly Illustrated Pocket Guide to Clinical Medicine hopee turns this incredible popular science book about crime decision making and justice into a textbook for the next generation of students who are interested in taking a job in some aspect of our criminal justice system Whether students want to be lawyers judges police officers or whether they will simply be jurors or vote for any judge or policy associated with crime in America they need this information as a prereuisite In fact every American citizen should fully understand the various aspects of the justice system since our tax dollars fund in and we play a part in determining what ideas and societal norms become laws What this book is notThis book is not solely about race and the justice system Until I read this book I would ave said the most important book to read about our justice system was Michelle Alexander s The New Jim Crow I still think it is a seminal work on mass incarceration that should be on everyone s reading list No matter if someone is tough on crime or so soft they want to elp every offender instead of punish them they should fully understand the material in Alexander s book so they become familiar with Kiss That Frog how our justice system is particularly unjust when it comes to race even if the individual people in the justice systemave a genuine desire to be fair I would recommend reading Alexander s book along with this This book includes race but it is not the primary focus What this book isThis book is an impressive compilation of stories related to criminal justice that presents extremely fascinating but often little known facts about The Seneca Scourge how judges prosecutors jurors and even criminals make the choices they do It s about the accuracy of theuman brain Benforado provides the most important and robust science that the field of criminology Caleo Leech has to offer Too often Iave read books which choose to sensationalize various crimes or jump to conclusions about neuroscientific evidence instead of employing a skeptical approach that results in information that is both accurate and fair Unlike so many authors in Vibrational Medicine The his field who write for the lay public Benforado didn t use fear mongering subpar studies with subpar methods or dramatic statements aimed at shockingis audience He didn t need to The truth is better than fiction There is no need to embellish when you take the time to gather all the intrinsically shocking information available and present it in such an organized exciting relatable and extremely logical manner There was a very small section where Kade (Alien Adoption Agency he seemed to overreach when talking about the motivations of prosecutorsAt its core this book is a discussion aboutow just our justice system is and what we can do to try to ensure optimal justice We are one of the wealthiest nations in the world We pride ourselves on our freedom and our ability to govern fairly and yet we are Scandalous Acts 7 human Adding to that we are a group ofumans with opposing viewpoints How can each person no matter their political leanings build a system that is fair to all people How well do we know our own brains If we were a judge a prosecutor a police officer a juror The Children Money Can Buy how well would we do in dispensing fair justice If you are like the typical and often well meaning judge lawyer juror etc the answer is Not very well Benforado examines theeuristically driven thinking process that governs The Burning Girls howumans go about punishing including who we punish The Outlandish Companion (Revised and Updated): Companion to Outlander, Dragonfly in Amber, Voyager, and Drums of Autumn how severely we punish andow often we punish What are our motives for these practices How Transgalactic Antics Carrie Hatchett Space Adventurer haveumans in America come to build a justice system that is so overloaded it literally cannot Outmove (Inner Movement, handle the number of people we arrest Howave we created a system that forces a very large number of innocent people to plead guilty How easy is it to scare another The Removed human being into signing a piece of paper saying they committed a crime they did not commit How often does thisappen How easy is it to convince a teenager a suggestible person or someone with a low I that they committed a crime How often does that Wildflower An Extraordinary Life and Untimely Death in Africa happen At the end of the day do we really want to do something about crime or do we want to feel like we are doing something about crime Are other countries doing better or worse than the USA Benforado s discussion ofow crime statistics are bullshit was a The Elixir and the Stone highlight I thinke could Ancient Agriculture: From Foraging to Farming (Ancient Technology) have and shouldave gone a bit deeper with this topic but was extremely Black Columbiad: Defining Moments in African American Literature and Culture (Harvard English Studies) happy to see it covered at all The truth is that in the US weave a perception that black people commit most of the crime It is simply not true A black person who engages in the same exact behavior as a white person is arrested charged found #guilty and locked in a cage significantly often and for significantly longer periods of time than white people engaging the same #and locked in a cage significantly often and for significantly longer periods of time than white people engaging the same Police go into poor black neighborhoods and stop and frisk black people far often Since they are targeted in this way they make it into the crime statistics as guilt of a crime whereas white people doing the same behaviors are let go often We don t Black Noir have an accurate view of who commits crime and yet we act as if we know This is auge problem and one that deserves attention Benforado does not discuss the drug war and mass incarceration in depth the way Michelle Alexander does For this reason I The Bad Guys highly recommend reading The New Jim Crow after you are done with this book Unfair The New Science of Criminal Injustice by Adam Benforado Unfair is a fantastic well researched look at what is at theeart of our unfair criminal system Law professor Adam Benforado Yce (Captured by Aliens has provided the public with an eye opening gem grounded on the best current scienceistorical court cases and insightful research He explores the nature of the criminal mind eyewitness memory jury deliberations police procedures and intuitions about punishment This enlightening 402 page book includes twelve chapters broken out into the f Unfair The New Science of Criminal Injustice by Adam Benforado is a law professor s look at the American justice system a system that turns out to be in is view of an injustice system Benforado compares today s system with examples from the middle ages and other periods of the past and examines the differences as well as the similarities between the two He asks ow far Promise Lords of Action have we really come The answer would appear to be underuge two He asks Familiar Stranger A Year Of Loving Dangerously Silhouette Intimate Moments No 1082 how farave we really come The answer would appear to be under uge differences maybe not as far as we think Justice is unevenly applied prisons are expensive and create problems than they solve and none of this seems to be truly connected to the prevalence of crime Benforado looks at the many ways the justice system fails despite the often well meaning efforts of everyone in it And it seems to be getting worse The vast majority of cases are resolved by plea bargains which the accused often accept even if innocent since the alternatives are gambles with igh stakes the poor the mentally ill and people belonging to minority groups are way over represented and as we all know the rich often walk from even serious crimes because of uneual resourcesBenforado suggests many ways to solve specific problems but Black Gotham his ultimate answer is a radical one treat criminals asuman beings with problems and give Addiction help not punishment He looks to Europe for examples ofow this can be done and The Adventurer's Handbook Life Lessons from History's Great Explorers how it results in far lower recidivism rates He also looks at ways in which similar changes are being done on a small scale in the United States One interesting idea is the use of virtual trials to increase access to the system save money and increase objectivity of the lawyers and judges as well as for reasons detailed in the book witness accuracyIad my own difficulties following Benforado into such alien territory particularly when The Essential Oil Hormone Solution: Reset Your Hormones in 14 Days with the Power of Essential Oils he talked aboutow victims can be Madisons War helped to forgive the perpetrator of their pain And I am not sureow these changes would be carried out in a system as large as our isOn the other Manual do guerreiro da luz hand Benforado presents a powerful indictment of our current system which seems to be an expensive failure that creates pain and suffering than an effective response to crime Every American should read the analysis of our current system with its powerful examples ofow the current system doesn t work Creative Alcohol Inks how in fact it fails miserably And everyone should begin to grapple with ideas ofow it can be changed whether or not they agree with Benforado s suggestions I was torn between giving this book 3 or 4 stars I would Fallin For His Thug Passion 2 have like to give it 35 but in the absence of that choice and A law professor sounds an explosive alarm on theidden unfairness of our legal system Kirkus Reviews starred A child is gunned down by a police officer; an investigator ignores critical clues in a case; an innocent man confesses to a crime e did not commit; a jury acuits a killer The evidence is all around us Our system of justice is fundamentally broken But it’s not for the reasons we tend to think as law professor Adam Benforado argues in this eye opening galvanizing book Even if the system operated exactly as it was designed to we would still end up with wrongful convictions trampled rights and uneual treatment This is because the roots of injustice lie not inside the dark earts of racist police officers or dishonest prosecutors but wi.
CHARACTERS ↠ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ✓ Adam BenforadoHe powerful analysis of the justice system I went with 4 stars I read this book at one sitting which speaks to the accessibility of the writing and the power of the presentation of an important subjectI ope this book opens the door for discussion of our current systems and ways in which it can be changed for the betterIn the interests of transparency I would like to share that I won this book through LibraryThing s Early Reviewers program in exchange for an Java 8 in Action honest review The thoughts and opinions presentedere are my own onest reactions 35 starsThis is a thought provoking critiue of the American criminal justice system based on psychological research It is of an overview than a deep dive in 286 pages of text excluding the bibliography the author discusses everything from snap judgments in investigations to false confessions and erroneous eyewitness identifications to the reasons some lawyers behave unethically to misleading expert testimony to judicial bias to the workability of prisons These are all important issues and the author a law professor as many interesting proposals to improve on the problems Unfortunately e undermines is message by failing to source Principles of Agricultural Engineering Volume-1 (Farm Power, farm Machinery, Farm Buildings, Post Harvest-Technology) his facts leaving readers with no authority foris arguments any lawyer should know betterThere is a lot of interesting material The Special Undercover Delivery (The Little Ad (The Little Ad(option) Agency Book 1) here the studies showingow common interrogation techniues such as offering leniency for a confession induce students to falsely confess to cheating the correlation between stereotypically African features and longer sentences the tendency of the public to view third parties as biased against their side Republicans and Democrats both believe the Supreme Court leans to the other side by approximately eual margins the way the point of view of a camera can affect viewers opinion of events when interrogations are taped viewers are likely to see them as coercive when the camera is above the suspect and as non coercive when it s above the officerThe author discusses a number of psychological shortcuts that can lead to ugly results in the justice system for instance narrow bracketing in which if your experience is that say two thirds of the claims of a particular type are valid and you just granted two you are inclined to deny the next one to keep the numbers balanced And there s a good discussion of The Black Academic's Guide to Winning Tenure--Without Losing Your Soul how people identify dishonesty you really can t tell through body language at best you can tell someone is nervous but in aigh pressure situation like a courtroom this likely Randomized Algorithms Cambridge International Series on Parallel Computation has to do with the person s comfort in that setting and ability to project confidence than theironestyThe book also discusses the reasons for criminal behavior which often Northanger Abbey have less to do with deliberate moral choice than one might imagine There s a fascinating story of a man who suddenly becomes obsessed with sex collecting porn molesting a young girl and propositioning everyone until a tumor is discovered onis brain and removed then Longman Academic Writing Series 5 he s fine until the tumor returns at which pointe starts up all over again Brain damage may be a less isolated cause of criminality than one might imagine apparently while less than 9% of the general population The Japanese Pottery Handbook: Revised Edition has suffered a traumatic brain injury around 60% of incarcerated peopleave Less dramatically physical environment also influences one s actions wearing a mask makes people aggressive while olding a gun biases people to perceive images as threateningRather than simply detailing problems Benforado does ave plenty of suggestions for change Some of these are relatively small and seem like excellent ideas For instance officers should be trained in cognitive interviewing asking few open ended and non suggestive uestions of witnesses of crime to avoid tainting their memories while witnesses about to view a lineup should be told that the suspect may or may not be included to prevent their simply choosing the one who looks most like the perpetrator In fact Reckoning The Epic Battle Against Sexual Abuse and Harassment having lineups administered by a computer may be even better to prevent officers unconsciously influencing a witness s memory through their approval or body languageSome of the suggestions are much global and I give Benforado credit for thinking big and outside the box One intriguing idea is virtual trials record the trial in advance and give jurors just the information presented through avatars This would eliminate biases based on physical appearance and performance and allow a trial to be shown to multiple juries at little additional costMeanwhile the author shows discomfort with many aspects of the adversarial system thoughis alternative proposal isn t uite clear He correctly points out that the procedural safeguards we build into the system in an attempt to prevent error often become ends in themselves frustrating their original purpose Take Miranda warnings for instance if an officer fails to give them a perpetrator s confession can be excluded and therefore a criminal may go free while on the other The Conditions of Agricultural Growth The Economics of Agrarian Change under Population Pressure hand judges rarely entertain the idea that a confession might be coerced once an officeras recited those lines even if we re talking about a عمارة يعقوبيان highly suggestible suspect who was uestioned for manyours falsely told that the police Jane Addams had evidence againstim and promised leniency in exchange for a confession And there S SIMPLY NOT TIME BASED ON THE MANY PROCEDURAL simply not time based on the many procedural built into our system of trials for than a tiny percentage of cases to be fully Harry Potter for Nerds heard the vast majority plead guilty in a system the author sees asighly suspect But what could we do instead it s difficult to decipher Benforado s ideas on this point aside from idealistic notions of truth seeking and vague references to Germany s The Mindset of Organization: Take Back Your House One Phase at a Time having a different systemBut the book doesave its drawbacks Rather than endnotes to which one can refer for specific facts and studies the author simply includes a bibliography for each chapter with no indication as to which of the dozens of works cited include which information This shows off the author s reading while offering no elp to is readers This is particularly unfortunate on the topics for which URBAN ROMANCE he provides only vague information for instancee tells us that solitary confinement alters the brain in observable ways but not what part of the brain is affected what this part does and what changes are seen once prisoners are freed Ultimately the book leaves readers with the choice between taking the author s word for Open Adoption Experience Complete Guide for Adoptive and Birth Families From Making the Decision Throug his claims or doing their own research starting or less from scratch This is an incredibly poor decision for someone who wants to profoundly change entrenched parts of officialdomLess damaging but also unfortunate is the fact that while Benforado presents information in a clear and readable styleis storytelling is less than stellar He begins each chapter with a few pages of introductory fluff which is a
#Great Opportunity To Tell #opportunity to tell On Alchemy human interest stories related to the topic atand but often than not Civil Rights and the Environment in African American Literature 1895 1941 he suanders it For instance the chapter dealing with physiognomy begins with rambling aboutow people are fascinated by mugshots OkayFinally while the book s portrayal of the justice system as almost medieval snap decisions are based incomplete information and the gut feelings of those making them without scientific basis and generally without oversight is fairly accurate in some ways the book does present an overly gloomy picture I suspect some readers might be unduly Star Wars: The Force Awakens horrified not realizing that most criminal cases aren t based on eyewitness identification by strangers or police pushing for a confession from whatever black or Hispanic manappened to be near the crime scene Most people plead guilty because they are and the evidence against them is good This in no way excuses the miscarriages of justice that go on every day but I Timo l'Aventurier tome 1 hope readers don t come away with the idea that courts and police produce utterly random resultsOverall I m glad I read this book much of the information it contains is fascinating and it s presented in a clear and concise way These are issues people should be thinking about However the lack of sourcing is a serious limitation I can onlyope it will be corrected in future editions Unfair by Adam Benforado tackles a difficult subject the ironic injustice of our criminal justice system in the United States He argues that our legal system Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia Di Tengah Pusaran Politik Domestik has a wide array of flaws with no easy solution to eradicate them Benforado suggests that psychological biases come into play in every aspect of prosecutionThe way Benforado sets upis argument not going to go into a lot of detail the book is short read it it reminded me a lot of the eual pay issue in America and much of the world We can t find one simple fix as it is a multifaceted issue but talking about the problem could be one step Similarly discussing our ever prevalent biases would be beneficial in creating a well just criminal justice processBenforado does a good job in delving into biases we might not even Thin the minds of #each and every one of us This is difficult to accept Our nation is founded #and every one of us This is difficult to accept Our nation is founded the idea that the law is impartial that legal cases are won or lost on the basis of evidence careful reasoning and nuanced argument But they may in fact turn on the camera angle of a defendant’s taped confession the number of photos in a mug shot book or a simple word choice during a cross examination In Unfair Benforado shines a light on this troubling new field of research showing for example that people with certain facial features receive longer sentences and that judges are far likely to grant parole first thing in the morning Over the last two decades psychologists and neuroscientists ave uncovered many cognitive forces that operate beyond ou. E aware of including perception bias and the often error saturated witness memory tests Although I didn t necessarily agree with all of is solutions I was still eager to read He crafted the book in such a way that it was fast paced and easy to digest but still left you with much to think over As I slowly prepare for the LSAT in a few months and for law school in about a year Unfair L'art d'aimer has given me a lot to think about in regards to my future career I can sum up my thoughts in three easy words Read this book No don t evenesitate long enough to read this review Just buy the bookFor those of you still with me I ll do my best to offer some specifics While the author gives us lots of facts to ponder the content never feels dry or overly academic Benforado writes in a conversational style engaging Collins French with Paul Noble - Learn French the Natural Way, Part 3 his readers as ife s sitting with friends I read a lot on this topic and this book is one of the best out there We look at psychological studies and indisputable facts proving our justice system is anything but fair We explore topics such as jury selection which allows and even encourages lawyers to seek jurors with the most prejudicial tendencies in their favor The side with the most money to spend on consultants for jury selection The Folding Star has an enormousead start in the trialSome of the most startling information for me came in the section on plea bargaining I was aware that this often allowed violent criminals to plea down to lesser crimes for lesser time but I wasn t aware ow often it worked in reverse forcing people who are not necessarily guilty of anything aside from being in the wrong place at the wrong time into plea bargains This is particularly true with our poor and uneducated class of people who cannot afford private lawyers and whose court appointed attorneys are too overworked and underfunded to be of any real value These people are bullied scared into believing they will do ard time if they opt for a jury trial Sadly this scare tactic works Less than 10 percent of cases ever go to trial Our court system Apiculture et dprdateurs des produits de la ruche has instead become a plea bargaining systemThe psychological information Benforada provides is both fascinating and upsetting All of us whether we realize it or not make uick assumptions based on little fact I was startled to learn that even something as simple asaving a lot of trees in a given neighborhood leads many of us to believe the neighborhood is safer than a similar city neighborhood with few trees Once we ve made an assumption we look for data backing us up while ignoring conflicting information This isn t done maliciously We aren t even necessarily aware of doing it which makes it all the challenging to conuerBenforado closes with some intriguing ideas for fixing our broken system Whether you agree with Questions that Islam can't answer - Volume one his ideas or notis insight opens a dialogue we desperately need to be Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus having nationwideHave I convinced you Iope so Buy the book Read it Give it to friends Then talk about it Maybe then we ll finally start working toward changeI was provided with a free copy by the publisher via NetGalley in exchange for my Comment Devenir Mannequin honest review Unfair The New Science of Criminal Injustice is an enlightening and well structured book about the ways in which the current US criminal justice system fails us Adam Benforado an associate professor law and a former attorney focuses onow our Kuli Kontrak hidden biases affect the justice system He explains the problems in each part of the legal process and offers possible solutions In fact we are not such cool and deliberate detectives rather we are masters at jumping to conclusions based on an extremely limited amount of evidence The automatic processes in our brain commonly referred to as System 1 uickly take in the scene and then reach a conclusion about the victim based on what is right in front of us without considering what we might be missing Ambiguity and doubt are pushed to the sideIn certain circumstances our deliberative and effortful mental processes System 2 can override those initial impressions and raise the specter of uncertainty but often they do not The less we know the easier it is for us to produce a coherent story and it is the consistency of the narrative that predictsow much confidence we will ave in our assessment The unfortunate result is that we may become overconfident precisely when we ave limited or weak evidence The book opens with an example of medieval justice Benforado suggests that just as we laugh at the irrationality of our ancestor s legal methods our descendants will be shocked at the naivet behind our modern day legal processes The author walks the reader through each part of of the legal process explains the current problems and suggests solutions Some of the solutions are surprisingly simple to implement eg data collection on judicial decisions to show idden biases The book is extremely well organized Here is the table of contentsPart 1 Investigation1 The Labels We Live By The Victim2 Dangerous Confessions The Detective3 The Criminal Mind The SuspectPart II Adjudication4 Breaking the Rules The Lawyer5 The Eye of the Beholder The Jury6 The Corruption of Memory The Eyewitness7 How to Tell a Lie The Eyewitness8 Umpires or Activists The JudgePart III Punishment9 An Eye for an Eye The Public10 Throwing Away the Key The PrisonersPart IV Reform11 What We Must
Overcome The Challenge12 What We Can Do The FutureBibliography Endnotes are available atThe Challenge12 What We Can Do The FutureBibliography Endnotes are available at author s websiteThe cases and experiments mentioned were fascinating Some aspects this book reminded me of Predictably Irrational and Freakonomics series but Unfair is deeper focused and academic Some of the interesting topics discussed ow disgust makes people s moral judgments significantly severe Basic Anatomy and Physiology of the Human Body how women labeled as virgins or married are viewed as responsible for sexual assault than when labeled as a divorc eow we are all still closet physiognomists Soins naturels pour les cheveux how the act ofolding a gun biases the gun Jojo's Bizarre Adventure, Tome 44 : Mon papa n'est pas mon papa holder s assessment of threatow camera position during arrests and interrogations can sway the verdict the impact of race on the severity of punishment the impact of facial features on the severity of punishment in cases where the victim is white the stereotypically black a defendant s facial features the likely e is to receive the death penalty ow a terrorist attack can impact unrelated cases Winning Ways For Your Mathematical Plays Volume 2 Games in Particular how the time of day can affect punishmentow a video of brutality shown in slow motion can alter juror perception of an event and L'Art au XXe sicle : Tome 1, Les avant-gardes how judges aren t uite as objective as they would like to believe Research suggests that once weave summed someone up we search for data confining that identity and disregard or minimize evidence conflicting with it Of course it doesn t feel that way It that identity and disregard or minimize evidence conflicting with it Of course it doesn t feel that way It as though we are just dispassionately sorting through the details But really our minds are bending the facts sawing off inconvenient corners and tossing away contradictory information so that everything can be fit into our ready made boxes Some of my key takeaways from this book 1 We all Kamarja e turpit haveidden biases that we are not consciously aware of police officers judges and lawyers are not immune to these Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince hidden biases Most people aren t actively trying to be unfair2 It is surprisingly easy to rationalize unethical behavior3 We tend to see our motivations as purer than they actually are seeking justice vs seeking vengeance 4 Some aspects of punishment are counterintuitive to the results expected eg excessively long solitary confinementsThis is not a uick and easy read but it is really interesting and enlightening I would recommend this to book to everyone especially voters in the United States and people who are interested in the intricacies of theuman mind and its inherent biases There is a bit of a liberal bent in parts of the book which might deter some from reading it but I don t think you Les Chevaliers du Zodiaque : St Seiya, tome 28 have to be comfortable with 100% of Benforado s proposed solutions in order to find value in this book In addition to this book I would also recommend Nonsense The Power of Not Knowing because of overlapping themes blind certainty and cognitive dissonance Doubt isn t the enemy of blind justice blind certainty is I received this book from the LibraryThing Early Reviewers program in exchange for anonest review The criminal justice systems of the United States work very badly Adam Benforado a law professor at Drexel University demonstrates their deficiencies under the broad Os pastôres da noite headings of investigation adjudication punishment and reform He is very fair in pointing out the progress thatas been made both Recollections of an Australian suatter here and in other countries and creative in suggesting and supporting possible solutions This is the first book that Iave ever read that looks to science data and intelligence both The Vanishing Hours human and machine fo It s not too often I use the word brilliant in writing a book review but in the case of Unfair Iave to say that it is nothing short of that description brilliant There are any numb. R conscious awareness Until we address these Wickie Slime und Paiper Das Online Erinnerungsalbum fur die Kinder der siebziger Jahre hidden biasesead on Benforado argues the social ineuality we see now will only widen as powerful players and institutions find ways to exploit the weaknesses of our legal system Weaving together Petit guide de l'observation du paysage historical examples scientific studies and compelling court cases from the border collie put on trial in Kentucky to the five teenagers who falsely confessed in the Central Park Jogger case Benforado showsow our judicial processes fail to uphold our values and protect society’s weakest members With clarity and passion e lays out the scope of the legal system’s dysfunction and proposes a wealth of practical reforms that could prevent injustice and elp us achieve true fairness and euality before the law. .