[Vom Nutzen und Nachtheil der Historie für das Leben Unzeitgemässe Betrachtungen Zweites Stück] EBOOK NEW
I had totally forgotten what it was like to read some Neechy and now I remember what it was that I loved about My first foray into Nietzsche has left me shaken to the coreFor better or worse he was an expert rhetorician even as one shudders to recognize the seeds of justification for later historical atrocities in his philosophies one cannot help but feel enamoured by his prose and the undeniable style of his arguments So many times I gave audible way to awe reluctantly putting the book down to copy some choice phrases into a notebookTo my view this essay was a call to action for generations stuck in an obsession with existing fact and history as pushed by then modern education which Nietzsche felt robbed them of their own culture and personalities and very beings and led them to be easily ruled The philosophy limits the value of history to that which stirs active improvement in the present and warns us against becoming slaves to information taking art and feeling to be the better virtues I agreed with much of it but recoiled at other times as when the ugly heads of classicism and xenophobia poked through the poetry Nietzsche argued for example that the infiltration of other cultures into Germany left its citizens overwhelmingly fascinated with irrelevant ideas and histories and further moved them from a unified culture Of course I may have brought hindsight to the reading and tarnished his original meaningNevertheless the arguments in the essay while generally compelling and endlessly fascinating are a bit messy There s a lot of self contradiction and even meta acknowledgement of it alongside scathing critiues of irony that bring the effort full circle to meta irony A reader recognizing himself as slavishly reading a historical text that both critiues the slavish attention to history and admires the unhistorical virtues of ancient Greek culture soon finds himself in a tangle of recursion no longer sure which way is up Frankly I loved that facet of the reading It made me think Hard It tickled my beautiful prose button and mercilessly challenged my intellectual capacities my own assumptions and philosophies and my core beliefs as a scientist Nietzsche is ultimately it seems against science as a search for truth arguing that it only considers what is true and right and thus finished and historical He writes that science hates the forgetfulness that is the death of nowledge Whereas I appreciate his point within the context of what he calls the historical malady I think he has a diminished understanding of what science is At least to me science is incredibly fluid and creative and is never finished It must adapt to current understandings and must give up the constraints of ego to permit the reality of a constantly shifting truth Forgetting is as central to science as it is to the beast who goes into the present like a number without leaving any curious remainder except that for science the curiosity that remains is precisely the pointLovely food for thought Will chew again Nietzsche hits on some real dilemmas related to academic history but his attempts to address them are less than helpful to put it mildly To be fair to Nietzsche and also to annoy him it is worth placing the work in its historical context Nietzsche was writing in the early days of academic history which initially developed in Germany I m not familiar enough with the historiography of Nietzsche s time to be able to now how accurate some of his complaints about academic history really were but academic history was an immature discipline at the time Adjusting to a new method of historical writing was not always easy for people of Nietzsche s day or to people since for that matter and the hiccups involved in developing a new discipline might have influenced Nietzsche s negative opinion Certainly historians since his time have grappled with most of the uestions he raises in a variety I have forgotten how I love Nietzsche What a wickedly dry spell it has been without his verve In this small book he argues that the excessively historical man is bound to be a neurotic miserable creature incapable of happiness and subseuently of action But I feel he never truly persuades us that happiness is a good in and of itself
And I Do Not Believe I do not believe a crushed spirit renders one incapable of art To the contrary I would contend that it is the compulsive maniacs among us who make the best artists Who better to supply proof of this hypothesis than Nietzsche himself the raving perpetually ill solitary loner of a man that he was His admission to a mental asylum his psychosis the congeries of physical symptoms that afflicted him throughout his life who indeed better to attest to those ever fragile borders of psychosis genius and art And too his pronouncement that no philosopher has been a musician than he So yes reading Nietzsche is a pleasure but like all music I am afraid that at times he is sublime as much as he is incomprehensible One star s a bit harsh Popular history can still be understood in terms of the categories he comes up with here all the biographies of Churchill and Reagan Lifeless monumental history The obsession with Americana and authentic simple living Lifeless antiuarianism Post colonialpost structuralistpost modernist history Lifeless critical history But then Nietzsche was harsh and it s only fair to be harsh back He describes three types of historiography monumental history which can either provide examples of greatness for the present or refuse the possibility of greatness in the present antiuarian history which can either make us comfortable in our own time and place by showing its historical context or encourage us to live in the past and forsake the present and critical history which criticises the past and attempts to create a new one for itself or makes us ignore our own descent leading to a conflict between our actual and our created pasts In the good versions the former in my list it is studied for the sake of life In the bad versions the latter in my list history is studied for the sake of itself or for utilitarian ends This leads to a people with weak personalities which believes itself to be just than other ages is immature leads to a melancholy belief that we are nothing than the children of the great irony and eventually the cynical inversion of this belief that rather we are the great descendants of the weak That s the meat It s surrounded by a bunch of rants against the late nineteenth century I m sure it s all very entertaining when you re young but by the time you re working or a grad student you now pretty darn well that academics cut off the time you re working or a grad student you A cristalli liquidi (Italian Edition) know pretty darn well that academics cut off life is a farce Younow that appeals to life are or less completely empty what sort of life What will you do with this life And you probably have a hunch that life whatever it is might not even be possible So what are we doing when we read Nietzsche s essay First we re engaging in monumental history against the present lauding Nietzsche when we could for instance be reading about the crisis in health care or the destruction of the environment or the ongoing economic crisis Second we re engaging in an antiuarian history which is inte. Forward Incidentally I despise everything which merely instructs me without increasing or immediately enlivening my activity These are Goethe's words With them as with a heartfelt expression of Ceterum censeo I judge otherwise our consideration of the worth and the worthlessness of history may begin For this work is to set down why in the spirit of Goethe's saying we must seriously despise instruction without vitality I've Got a Home in Glory Land: A Lost Tale of the Underground Railroad knowledge which enervates activity and history as an expensive surplus ofnowledge and a luxury because we lack what is still most essential to us and because what is superfluous is hostile to what is essential To be sure we need history But we need it in a manner different from the way in which the spoilt idler in the garden of nowledge uses it no matter how elegantly he may look down on our coarse and graceless needs and distresses That is we need it for life and action not for a comfortable turning away from life and action or merely for glossing over the egotistical life and the cowardly bad act We wish to use history only insofar as it serves living But there is a degree of doing history and a valuing of it through which life atrophies and degenerates
Friedrich Nietzsche º 7 CharactersVer the other reviews of this book it is clear that each reader has his own Nietzsche I don t agree with many of his philosophical opinions and I abhor his cult of genius But then I am an early 21st century intellectual who has willingly nay gleefully saturated himself with history and foreign cultures and is disdainful of the antiuarian history into which he was born I am his Flachkopf made corporeal And yet I still am reading his texts because as I briefly indicated in another review Nietzsche went where no one else before him went and he never came back He went there with a megalomaniacal verve and an astounding prose style Some of the things he told us on the way are valuable the course of his travels to wherever he went is fascinating A word concerning Nietzsche s prose style In this text Nietzsche jettisons the purple Romantic prose of his previous writings and offers us something closely approximating his mature style a fluid flexible elouent prose strongly influenced by Greco Roman writers For in this and all subseuent texts Nietzsche is not writing for an academic audience but rather for a general educated readership as did those earlier writers And as they did Nietzsche tries to make his points to such a audience by telling little stories using extended metaphors etc He even uses a uote from Jonathan Swift to generate a belly laugh and to reduce a target ad absurdum When he starts going on about the German soul or about how his ideas are manly and those of the objects of his criticism are feminine my eyes begin to glaze over but otherwise even when I object to the content he holds my attention beautifully This book has been translated into English under at least two different titles On the Advantage and Disadvantage of History for Life and On the Use and Abuse of History for Life I suppose the translators wanted to have a certain parallelism in their titles which Nietzsche did not have in his he went with alliteration Is it not the case that nearly every one of these is manifested in our age an age in which history insofar as it is nown to the general public at all is Dragonsbane known only under the guise of monumental antiuarian or critical history And if this is true then what is left of the criticism Nietzsche levels at historians history Rating This short booklet basically a pamphlet was one of Nietzsche s early writings before he became The Anti Christ and contracted a bad case of megalomania where he would sign his letters to people as The Crucified The title On the Advantage and Disadvantage of History for Life summarizes Nietzsche s thesis with this work Nietzsche criticizes the Germany of his time as without culture and lacking instinct a place where a sick soulless inwardness prevails and a synthetic pseudoultur disguises the real feeling of the country Nietzsche blames this phenomenon on the typical German s abstract feelings and belief in unharmed inwardness Nietzsche also states Only strong personalities can endure history the weak are completely extinguished by it Nietzsche believed that the modern German no longer trusted and had faith in himself therefore when looking at history he would think how am I to feel here as opposed to the actual reality of the situation Looking at how absurd the typical American s and European irrational and total ignorance of in general views on the second World War II certainly proves that Nietzsche s views are still than relevant today When talking about most historical and contemporary events most people have an anti intellectual emotional response that they have unknowingly been indoctrinated and conditioned with like Pavlov s dog All in all this is a very insightful work in regards to understanding history and its context especially among different type of individuals from the neuter to the alpha powerful Maybe if people read works like this they would realize that their worship of historical myths presented as conclusive facts would be extinguished but that is surely doubtful In a world where collectivist anti intellectual metaphysical propaganda dominates and where virtually all professional Historians are compromised by the thought police it is very hard for one to discern the true facts of history from the propaganda of lies In this book Nietzsche laments over a condition that he is finding in the youth of of lies In this book Nietzsche laments over a condition that he is finding in the youth of they are lacking a personality They have an encyclopedic nowledge of everything and are chained to the past The past must be forgotten if it is not to become the gravedigger of the present he says He identifies five problems that excess history presents for living a good life1 Excess of a contrast between the inside and the outside We have far too much
content and too little form to present it in 2 We think ourselvesand too little form to present it in 2 We think ourselves than people from the past The same will happen to us in a few years Our instincts then become denatured3 The nowledge we have of life the less life we actually have Living things cease to live when they have been dissected4 Too much nowledge of history makes us feel like latecomers who missed the gr But every people indeed every person who wishes to become mature needs such an enveloping delusion such a protecting and veiling cloud But today people generally despise becoming mature because they honour history than living Indeed people exult over the fact that now science is beginning
To Rule Over Living Itrule over living It possible that people will attain that goal but it is certain that a life so governed is not worth much because it is much less living and it establishes a life for the future far less than does the previous life governed not by nowledge but by instinct and powerful illusory images But as stated it is clearly not to be the era of fully developed and mature people of harmonious personalities but the era of common work which is as useful as possible That however amounts only to the fact that people are to be trained for the purposes of the time in order to get to work with their hands as promptly as possible They are to labour in the factories of the universal utilities before they are mature that is so that they really no longer become mature because this would be a luxury which would deprive the labour market of a lot of power We blind some birds so that they sing beautifully I do not think that today s people sing beautifully than their grandfathers but I do Understanding the Black Economy and Black Money in India know this we blind them early But the method the disreputable method which people use to blind them is excessively bright excessively sudden and excessively changing light The young person is lashed through all the centuries Youngsters who understand nothing about a war a diplomatic action or a trade policy are found fit to be introduced to political history But then just as the young person races through history so we moderns race through the store rooms of art and listen to concerts We really feel that something sounds different from something else that something has a different effect than something else Constantly losing of this feeling of surprise and dislike becoming excessively astonished no longer or finally allowing oneself to enjoy everything people really call that historical sense historical educatio. Ts Moreover I obtain for myself something of even value to me than respectability I become publicly instructed and set straight about our times This essay is also out of touch with the times because here I am trying for once to see as a contemporary disgrace infirmity and defect something of which our age is justifiably proud its historical culture For I believe in fact that we are all suffering from a consumptive historical fever and at the very least should recognize that we are afflicted with it If Goethe with good reason said that with our virtues we simultaneously cultivate our faults and if as everyonenows a hypertrophic virtue as the historical sense of our age appears to me to be can serve to destroy a people just as well as a hypertrophic vice then people may make allowance for me this once Also in my defence I should not conceal the fact that the experiences which aroused these feelings of torment in me I have derived for the most part from myself and only from others for the purpose of comparison and that insofar as I am a student of ancient times particularly the Greeks I come as a child in these present times to such anachronistic experiences concerning mysel. ,
Rested in the past for its own sake since there s little in this book which isn t common Desperate (Bad Baker Boys, knowledge these days Third it will probably encourage us to believe that we ve left behind all the old lifelessness of the nineteenth century when of course we ve done nothing of the sort By its own lights this essay should not be read by the young In Nietzsche s time history really was over studied Today it s all but ignored Skip this and go straight to Hobsbawm s history of the long nineteenth century Every time I read a book by Nietzsche my mind gets blown and I feel enlightened In a mere 60 pages or so Nietzsche totally annihilates Hegelianism and the education system The thesis of the book is that in our time Knowledge rules Life and this will result in the end of both Knowledge and Living Instead we must consider Life to be the ultimate value and the thing in which our youth should be skilled This is by far the most accessible book by this author I have ever read so don t be daunted by it Highly recommended to anyone By far the most On the Usefulness and Disadvantage of History for Life Between 1872 when his first book Die Geburt der Trag die appeared and 1876 when he left the University of Basel to write in Italy Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 1900 wrote an enormous amount of prose most of which he did not bring to a satisfactory completion However he did publish singly a series of short bookspamphlets he called Unzeitgem sse Betrachtungen Untimely Considerations which at one point he had projected to include as many as 21 parts In the end he published 4It is of note that during the manic phases of his manic depressive cycles he viewed these publications as a process of tearing down the many aspects of 19th century life he hated a clearing away of encrustations to enable him to see clearly the visions henew were going to come he already had intimations of them but these he Biocentrismo. L'universo, la coscienza. La nuova teoria del tutto kept in his notebooks and did not publish One of the Unzeitgem sse Betrachtungen I find interesting is Vom Nutzen und Nachteil der Historie f r das Leben On the Usefulness and Disadvantage of History for Life For Nietzsche historians history was one of these encrustations which had to be chipped away As one of my esteemed GR friends has pointed out in a review of this book in the early 21st century almost nobodynows or gives a damn about historians history so now Nietzsche would be preaching to the choir Of course precisely the same people wouldn t give a damn about Nietzsche eitherIn view of the fact that the word historicism has been used in a dozen mutually contradictory ways since Karl Popper took up the word and incorrectly ascribed his meaning of the word to Hegel I won t use it I doubt the word has any fixed meaning now except in the discourse of certain schools of adepts among each other I have read claims that in this text Nietzsche made the first criticism of historicism Maybe if you search around in the many meanings of that word this could even be true But what did he actually sayHe begins by explaining why both forgetting and remembering are necessary for mankind Why remembering the right things at the right times is necessary is clear but he sees forgetting the past and entering fully into the moment are necessary both to experience happiness and to act Mankind needs history memory but not too much He then distinguishes three A Small C Compiler Language Usage Theory and Design kinds of history which he calls the monumental the antiuarian and the critical The first is necessary for the doers and the mighty in order for them to learn from the past acts and examples of similar men And this is good for life because only such men can make changes for the better he says Nietzsche sees in thisind of history something eternal and ber historical manifestations of Greatness of Genius and this almost immediately after distancing himself from ber historical thinkers who see the eternal in every moment a point of view he seems to associate with Eastern thought This is curious because it is evident from the longing in his description of these mighty doers and from his other writings that he wants to be among them he also uses almost the same language in describing the disdain both feel for their own bodies I suppose he views the Eastern ind as passive
and inactive and those attributes he finds repugnantHowever a focus on this one ind of history whileinactive and those attributes he finds repugnantHowever a focus on this one Truly Irresistible kind of history while for the small number of powerful doers is bad for history and most everyone else it reduces history to a few special cases surrounding a few special men and leads to illusions and false analogies We allnow how this Whisper Loudly kind of history has been misusedThe antiuarian history is that of the conservatives and the pious those who look with faithful love to whence they came and wish to preserve that for those who will follow This is the history for almost everyone for the less gifted as he says this is the history of Blut und Boden this is the history whicheeps most people contentedly in one place preventing dissatisfied searches for greener pastures which would lead to conflict Except that it didn t always as we I've Been Thinking . . .: Reflections, Prayers, and Meditations for a Meaningful Life know all too wellThisind of history is too narrow too provincial too limited in ways we are all so well aware of that I will leave it At ThatThe Critical History thatThe critical history not what one would expect It is not the history of the critical judging intellectual far from it It is the critical judging history of life itself which right or wrong just or not puts an end to everything that emerges into existence whether it be an individual a mountain or the Roman Empire Of course this critical history can manifest itself through the actions of men It is necessary for renewal though he finds the renewal to be generally weaker than the healthy form of the original at least in the case of human societies Clearly critical history is harmful where it is not absolutely neededOne must admit that this is an idiosyncratic division of history into types These types of history all serve life though they can also hurt it as mentioned But all are to be contrasted with the history of the historian whose science has stepped between life and history and cut their bonds Here Nietzsche is revisiting in some detail a thesis he already touched upon in Die Geburt der Trag die science and its concomitant abstraction have sucked the lifeblood the instincts out of modern man He is skinning just one of their manifestations in this text the history of the historian but he is whetting his Dragon Ball Z Cycle 2 T03 knife for them all He details five ways this history is inimical and dangerous to life it weakens personality through overexposure to foreign cultures and history I should have about zero personality by now if this thesis is correct it gives the illusion that the current culture has the greatest virtue and justice the instincts are destroyed and both the individual and the whole cannot fully ripen it gives the illusion that one is late born that one is an epigone it leads mankind into self irony cynicism and egotism He gives a lengthy discussion of each of these points taking the opportunity tonee many of his most despised objects bureaucrats functionaries contemporary philosophers historians pretensions to objectivity etc in the groin Reading O bring this phenomenon to light as a remarkable symptom of our time is every bit as necessary as it may be painful I have tried to describe a feeling which has often enough tormented me I take my revenge on this feeling when I expose it to the general public Perhaps with such a description someone or other will have reason to point out to me that he also nows this particular sensation but that I have not felt it with sufficient purity and naturalness and definitely have not expressed myself with and definitely have not expressed myself with appropriate certainty and mature experience Perhaps one or two will respond in this way However most people will tell me that this feeling is totally wrong unnatural abominable and absolutely forbidden that with it in fact I have shown myself unworthy of the powerful historical tendency of the times as it has been by common nowledge observed for the past two generations particularly among the Germans Whatever the reaction now that I dare to expose myself with this natural description of my feeling common decency will be fostered rather than shamed because I am providing many opportunities for a contemporary tendency like the reaction just mentioned to make polite pronouncemen.